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Environmental Impacts of Shewashok Oil Field on Sheep and Cow Meat Using Vital Trace Elements As Contamination Bioindicators
Rawaz Rostam Hamadamin
Department of Basic Education, Faculty of Education, Koya University
Abstract: Ambient environment is built base on interaction of living and non-living organism, chemical and physical compounds, thus oil field emissions, effluents and its general waste can be a part of environmental condition of certain area. This study is to investigate the environmental impacts of oilfield on sheep and cow meat around Shewashok oilfield. It is been performed at the Laboratories of the Department of Medical Microbiology / Koya University, by detecting, measuring heavy metals and vital trace elements as contamination indicators. 20 meat samples of domestic animals (Cow and Sheep) in both control and affected area were collected for the purpose of detecting the concentration of heavy metals in the animals. The samples dried and digested with concentrated HNO3 and concentrated H2O2. The concentration of heavy metals of the sample digested domestic animal were determined using inductively coupled plasma–optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). This study show that, Iron, Cobalt, Copper, Zinc, Arsenic, Manganese, Aluminium, Mercury and Chromium were detected in all the meat samples. Overall this study confirms that, the Cow and sheep meat are still safe to eat in both locations, because only Al, Fe and Hg were found danger in both sheep and cow’s meat in comparison with allowed limits of world health organization 2017, all other trace elements are complying with the global standards. 

Keywords: Shewashok, Oil Field, Environmental Pollution, Trace Elements, Cows and Sheep Meat.

Date: 25/04/2019
Place: Faculty Of Education, Department of Basic Education/ Hall no.1
Caroline Yousif Daniel,
May 9, 2019, 8:30 AM